Category Archives: Cyber Terrorism

UNODC Jordan Workshop

Terrorism is not new phenomenon; however, the radical Islamic terrorism appeared in the Middle East following the failure of the so-called “Arab Spring” poses significant threat to Middle East countries. Terrorist groups like ISIS, Al-Qaeda and their affiliates are using new technologies such as social media, encryption, and dedicated manuals for “Open-source Jihad” which increased the sophistication of those new groups and challenged law enforcement and intelligence agencies in the region. With the help of Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and other social media tools, global jihadists can share their contribution of jihadi media, literature, videos, and graphic arts. These free and open tools allowed even non-jihadists to participate, engage and share their thoughts within global jihadi environment. The emergence of open-source jihad created what is so called online “Jihadosphere”, similar to Arabic “blogosphere”[1] for activists. The new generations of Jihadists are harnessing social media in propaganda, fundraising[2], recruitment and communications as well as information gathering. They use social media to collect physical addresses, phone numbers, and private information related to the target, such as family members and their connections. Law enforcement agencies in MENA need to realize that many aspects of the terror threat have been changing due to internet technology and new possibilities of cyber-connected world.  These new developments require cultural shift in entrenched attitudes and approaches in law enforcement agencies across the region.

In this context, The UNODC Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) hosted a National Workshop in Jordan for Yemeni Law Enforcement in May 2017 to enhance their capabilities to secure evidence for counter-terrorism investigations. Yemeni law enforcement and intelligence agencies  face sophisticated situation due to conflicts and the presence of AQAP. To address this issue, special training funded by the Japanese Government was delivered by UNODC with the participation of international experts.

It was great opportunity to deliver dedicated session on Open-source Intelligence and to meet dedicated colleagues from the UNODC TPB, Zouhair Racheha and Mohamed Fouda, and also one of the well-known experts on the international legal issues related to digital evidence, Dan Dan Suter.

 

[1] Mapping the Arabic Blogosphere: Politics, Culture and Dissent published by BERKMAN CENTER 2009:
https://cyber.harvard.edu/publications/2009/Mapping_the_Arabic_Blogosphere

[2] Emerging Terrorist Financing Risks – FATF, October 2015

 

Regional Seminar UN/PAM for Parliamentarians

Mohamed El Guindy was invited by the UNODC to participate in Regional Seminar UN/PAM for Parliamentarians in Italy as a Cybersecurity Expert. El Guindy delivered a presentation on Terrorists use of the internet and how they use Open-source Information to prepare and organize their attacks.

The conference topic was “Evaluation of the role of national parliaments in promoting States’ implementation of the United Nations Security Council’s resolutions on Terrorism and Foreign Terrorist Fighters”.

Welcome speech was delivered by the Speaker of the Italian Senate H.E. Pietro Grasso.

High level delegates from Europe, Middle East and the Mediterranean countries attended the conference for two days from 30 to 31 March 2017 in the Senate of the Italian Republic. for more information, click here.

 

Participation in UNODC conference

Dr. Mohamed El-Guindy participated in UNODC conference on counter-terrorism. A major regional conference for parliamentarians of the Middle East and Northern African countries (MENA) on the Challenges Posed by Extremism Leading to Terrorism and Preventative Criminal Justice Responses is being held in Aswan, Egypt, from 31 January to 2 February 2017.

The conference is part of the UNODC technical assistance programme on Strengthening Rule-of- Law compliant Criminal Justice Responses on the Prevention of Violent Extremism for MENA countries and is being held by UNODC’s Terrorism Prevention Branch (TPB) and the Regional Office for the Middle East and North Africa (ROMENA), in partnership with the Egyptian Parliament, the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean (PAM).

For more details, click here.

UNODC conference 2017 in Aswan